|— Lesslyn Of Garioch —|
|Clan Motto: Grip Fast|
|Chieftain||Sir David 'Laviticus' de Lesley, 1st Earl of Rothes|
|Allies||Clan Campbell, Clan Ranald|
|Gaelic Name: Mac an Fheisdeir||Clan Heir (Viscount)||Romue Lesley|
|# of clan members||18|
Clan Leslie was founded in Renaissance Kingdoms on December 22nd 1456. It was founded by Sir David Laviticus De Lesley, 1st Earl of Rothes. Clan Leslies current heir is Romue Lesley, Viscount of the clan.
Clan Leslie was founded in Wigtown, Galloway though it is a clan for all Scottish peoples who wish to join a clan where freedom of voice is not only allowed, by encouraged and sought after. Clan Leslie was made an Official clan Recognized by the Lady Bethan McClintock, of the Lyon Court of Arms on March 24, 1457 2009.
The Ideals around the clan are to protect our boarders and lands against all those who wish to do it harm, foreign or domestic. The freedom and voice of the clans members will be allowed to speak in on any laws or changes regarding to votes. Including within the clan and within the Scottish governmental system. So if your interested in Joining or have questions please Contact me, Laviticus, or the heir of the clan chieftain Romue about joining.
Clan Leslie, Real Clan HistoryEdit
HISTORY OF THE LESLIE CLAN
Edgar, the Aetheling, was the son of Prince Edward of the ancient and royal Saxon House of Wessex and his mother, Agatha, was the daughter of Henry II, emperor of Germany.
Edgar, his mother Agatha, and his two sisters Margaret and Christina, came to England to the court of Edward the Confessor, bringing with them a large number of Hungarian attendants.
Edgar, the Aetheling, had in his own person the Anglo-Saxon claim to the crown of England, but before he could act, William, Duke of Normandy, landed an army in England, gained the throne, and was crowned in London before the end of the year 1066.
Edgar abandoned his claim to the throne and swore loyalty to William at Berkhamstead on December 25, 1066. In return, William gave Edgar an earldom with large possessions.
Edgar later became suspicious of William, and taking his two sisters, his mother Agatha, and their attendants, fled England and sailed for Scotland. High winds drove their ship into the Firth of Forth at St. Margaret's Hope, Queenferry, Scotland. They were received by King Malcolm III, Canmore of Scotland.
King Malcolm III was the son of King Duncan of Scotland. King Duncan had been killed in a battle with MacBeth. Afterwards, Malcolm III defeated MacBeth and took the Scottish crown as Malcolm III, Canmore.
Later, King Malcolm offered his hand to Princess Margaret, daughter of Agatha, and sister of Edgar. Margaret accepted and became the Queen of Scotland.
The Garoich is a fertile district in Aberdeenshire. It is bounded on the south by the river Don, which separates the Garoich from Mar, on the east and north by Formartine and the hills of Foundland, and on the west by the river Bogie. It is overlooked by the beautiful hill Bennaths. This district of the Garioch was erected into an earldom by King Malcolm in favor of his brother, David, Earl of Huntingdon, about 1160.
Lands of Lesslyn in the Garioch
Bartholomew: Founder of our Lessley Name
Among the noblemen who traveled from Hungary to England then on to Scotland with Edgar, Agatha and family was Bartholomew. He became Queen Margaret's most trusted assistant. King Malcolm, Canmore, appointed him governor of the Edinburg Castle, honored him with the dignity of knighthood, and gave him large grants of land in Fife, Angus, the Mearns, and Aberdeenshire.
According to tradition, King Malcolm promised Bartholomew all hereditary rights to all land within a radius of one mile where he was forced to stop and feed his horse on a journey, starting at Deinfermline and proceeding northward. He first stopped at Frechil in Fife, next at Innerlessad in Angus, then at Feskie in the Mearns, and last at Cuskine in Mar. His horse failed him in the Garioch. On his return, the king asked him where he had left his horse, and he answered in metrical style,
"Between a lesse ley and a mair My horse it tyrd and stopped there."
The king replied in the same metrical style,
"Lord Lesse ley shalt thou be And thy heirs after thee."
and gave him the grant of land.
Bartholomew later married Beatrix, sister of King Malcolm and became the king's brother-in-law.
From the "Genealogist of Tree of the Royal Family of Scotland", by John Brown of Scotland, published in March 1792, comes the following:
"Beatrix, daughter of King Duncan and sister of Malcolm II, Canmore, married Bartholomew of whom all the Lesleys in Scotland are descended."
From this union came many noble and famous men who have risen to great splendor and wealth from distinguished service or intermarriages with other noble houses in not only Scotland but France, Sweden, Germany, Russia, and Austria.
The land of Lesslyn in the Garioch about 19 miles north of Aberdeen is a fine agricultural area of Scotland. No doubt, this is where Bartholomew built his castle. Bartholomew was the first possessor of the land of Lesslyn.
Founder of the family name, Bartholomew died as an old man about 1121 and was succeeded by his son Malcolm. Malcolm died about 1176 and was succeeded by his son Norman, about 1248.
Norman married a daughter of Stuart, Earl of Lion. They had issue:
Norina succeeded Norman and married Catherine Muir. His issue:
Norman - succeeded.
Norman, the fifth possessor of the land of Lesslyn, was the first to use the family surname as he styled it in most public documents as "Sir Norman de Lesslyn" and "dominus de Lesley". He married the daughter and heiress of Watson of Rothes. He died about 1320.
Andrew - succeeded.
Sir Andrew de Lesslyn succeeded his father in 1320. He received several baronies through the rights of this wife, Mary Abernethy. He was the sixth possessor of the land of Lesslyn and conveyed to his son George the Baronies of Balquhain. He also obtained from King David II a charter under the great seal, making all the lands into one free barony called the Barony of Balquhain. George became the first Baron of Balquhain.
Begining of the Earl of Rothes
The title begain in 1457 and was given to: George Leslie, 1st Earl of Rothes (yes not quite up to roll play but still a fun title)
Further history past to date (1456)
Earls of Rothes:
George Leslie, 1st Earl of Rothes (c. 1417-1490) George Leslie, 2nd Earl of Rothes (d. 1513) William Leslie, 3rd Earl of Rothes (d. 1513) George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes (d. 1558) Andrew Leslie, 5th Earl of Rothes (d. 1611) John Leslie, 6th Earl of Rothes (d. 1641) John Leslie, 1st Duke of Rothes (c. 1630-1681) Margaret Leslie, 8th Countess of Rothes (d. 1700) John Hamilton-Leslie, 9th Earl of Rothes (d. 1722) John Leslie, 10th Earl of Rothes (d. 1767) John Leslie, 11th Earl of Rothes (1744-1773) Jane Elizabeth Leslie, 12th Countess of Rothes (1750-1810) George William Evelyn-Leslie, 13th Earl of Rothes (1768-1817) Henrietta Anne Evelyn-Leslie, 14th Countess of Rothes (1790-1819) George William Evelyn Leslie, 15th Earl of Rothes (1809-1841) George William Evelyn Leslie, 16th Earl of Rothes (1835-1859) Henrietta Anderson Morshead Leslie, 17th Countess of Rothes (1832-1886) Mary Elizabeth Leslie, 18th Countess of Rothes (1811-1893) Norman Evelyn Leslie, 19th Earl of Rothes (1877-1927) Malcolm George Dyer-Edwardes Leslie, 20th Earl of Rothes (1902-1974) Ian Lionel Malcolm Leslie, 21st Earl of Rothes (1932-2005) James Malcolm David Leslie, 22nd Earl of Rothes (b. 1958) The Heir Presumptive is the present holder's younger brother the Hon. Alexander John Leslie (b. 1962)
A quick look at further history of the Clan. If there are any questions I can further elaberate though I did not feel the need to since it is past In Game date for the game:
Sir Andrew de Lesly was one of the signatories when a letter, the Declaration of Arbroath, was sent to the Pope in 1320 asserting Scotland’s independence.The first Leslie in Aberdeenshire was Alexander who was Constable of The Bass in Inverurie on behalf of the kings brother.His son Walter died at the Battle of Harlaw in 1411 together with six of his cousins from Balquhain.
16th century During the Anglo-Scottish Wars George de Lesly was the Leslys' first Earl. His grandson, the 2nd Earl, was killed at the Battle of Flodden Field in 1513 and the third Earl, also George, carried out a private family vendetta on the life of David Beaton, cardinal Archbishop of St Andrews. At the trial he was acquitted. Battle with the Clan Ruthven: In 1544 the Ruthvens, who held considerable sway over Perth from their nearby Castle Huntingtower, often disputed the authority of the Clan Charteris, which led to a bitter and bloody feud. In 1544 Patrick, Lord Ruthven, was elected Provost of Perth, but at the instigation of Cardinal Beaton, who suspected Ruthven of Protestant sympathies, was deprived of the office, and John Charteris of Kinfauns was appointed in his stead. The city declined to acknowledge Charteris, and barred the gates against him. Clan Charteris, along with Lord Gray and Clan Leslie, gathered their forces and attacked the town. They were repulsed by the Clan Ruthven who were assisted by their neighbours the Clan Moncreiffe, and Charterises was forced to flee. The Ruthvens remained Provosts of Perth until William Ruthven, Earl of Gowrie, was executed in 1584. In 1552 John Charteris had been killed by the earl’s heir in the High Street in Edinburgh. One of the most highly respected Leslies is said to be John Leslie, the Bishop of Ross, who was born in 1526. He was the most loyal of Mary Queen of Scots' supporters during the turbulent times of 1562. It was John Leslie who wrote for her the famous ‘History of Scotland’. In 1571 the Clan Leslie joined forces with the Clan Gordon against their bitter enemies the Clan Forbes. The Gordons were also joined by Clan Irvine and Clan Seton. The Forbes were joined by Clan Fraser, Clan Keith and Clan Crichton. The feud between the Gordons and Forbes which had gone on for centuries culminated in two full scale battles: The Battle of Tillieangus and the Battle of Craibstone. It was at the Battle of Tillieangus that the 6th Lord Forbes' youngest son known as Black Aurther Forbes was killed. Legend has it that "he stooped down to quench his thirst and one of the Gordons gave him his death blow through an open joint in his armour".
17th century Thirty Years' War
During the early 17th century, when the Leslies of Fife and Aberdeenshire had divided along religious lines, both branches found scarce employment in opposing forces during the Thirty Years War. General Alexander Leslie of Balgonie fought for Gustavus Adolphus, the King of Sweden. He achieved great fame across Europe for his skills in war and returned to Scotland a Field Marshal.Meanwhile Walter Leslie,a younger son of Leslie of Balquhain had achieved recognition working for the Imperial Austro-Hungarian Empire where he was ordered to kill Albrecht von Wallenstein by the Austrian monarch.
By the time the 7th Earl was presented with the Dukedom of Rothes by Charles II in 1680, Walter Leslie of Balquhain had established the House of Leslie in the Holy Roman Empire.
Walter’s meteoric rise began in 1634 when he was made 1st Count Leslie by Emperor Ferdinand II, Governor of the Slovenian-Croatian military border in 1637, son-in-law to the Prince of Liechtenstein in 1640, Field Marshal in 1658 and finally invested in 1666 with the Order of the Golden Fleece in recognition of defeating the Ottomans in 1665. As Imperial Ambassador, he travelled the Danube to Istanbul to conclude the peace treaty with Sultan Mehmet IV, to whom he gave a brace of hunting hounds.
His nephew and heir, Field Marshal James, 2nd Count Leslie was one of the generals responsible for the defence of Vienna in 1683, the most important geopolitical event in Europe until 1815.He and his freind the Earl of Arundel commanded the right wing of John Sobieski,s army.The last of the male line Anthony, 5th Count Leslie died in 1802 when the family seat of Nove Med Matyij was sold .Of particular interest are the Roman Catholic vestments made from the silver braid taken as plunder after the Battle and siege of Vienna in 1683.They presently reside in the Museum of Blairs in Aberdeen having been given to the Catholic Church by the Leslies of Balquhain and Fetternear.The family is also celebrated on the roof of the Scots Church in Vienna which was erected by the Hapsburg rulers in order to thank the Scots who fought at the Siege of Vienna. Alexander Leslie of Warthill’s brother William (c.1650-1727) became Prince-Bishop Count William Leslie of Laibach/Ljubljana on 5th January 1718 until his death on 4th April 1727.One of the family’s ancestral castles at Warthill built in approx. 1200, is still the seat of the Aberdeenshire Chieftain, Sebastian Leslie of Warthill.
UK Civil War
Commanding the Covenanters Alexander Leslie captured Edinburgh Castle with a thousand men. With the Scots Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven went into England in 1640 and defeated the King’s soldiers at the Battle of Newburn. For this he was created Earl of Lewis by King Charles I. General Alexander Leslie of Balgonie fought for Gustavus Adolphus, the King of Sweden. He achieved great fame across Europe for his skills in war and returned to Scotland a Field Marshal. In 1642 Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven went to Ireland and held command alongside Robert Munro (d. 1680) of the Scottish Army. They were sent to put down a rebellion of Irishmen who had killed Scotts in Ulster. 1644, Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven commanded Scottish Covenantor forces to victory over English Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor in 1644. This battle was the largest battle of the English and Scottish Civil War, and one of the most decisive. It resulted in a Parliamentarian victory, which meant that the north of England was effectively lost to King Charles for the rest of the war. During the Civil War General David Leslie was victorious commanding his Scottish Covenanters force against a Scottish Royalist force at the Battle of Philiphaugh in 1645. The Royalist army of James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose was destroyed by the Covenanter army of Sir David Leslie, restoring the power of the Committee of Estates. Dunaverty Castle was a MacDonald stronghold. During the Civil War it was besiged in 1647 by Scottish supporters of Oliver Cromwell who were led by General David Leslie from Clan Leslie. The MacDonalds surrendered and then 300 of them were massacred. The castle is nothing more than a ruin now, known as Blood Rock. During the Civil War General David Leslie laid siege to the Royalist garrison at Kincardine Castle. The Castle was being held by the Chief of Clan MacNab. MacNab found that it would not be possible to maintain defense and during the night, sword in hand at the head of 300 men they cut their way through the besieging force. All made it through apart from the MacNab chief himself and one other man who were captured and sent to Edinburgh as prisoners of war. The chief was sentenced to death but he escaped and rejoined King Charles and continued to fight. MacNab was later killed at the Battle of Worcester in 1651. During the Civil War General David Leslie's Scottish Covenanter force was defeated by the Scottish Parliamentarian forces who were at this point in time loyal to the Parliament of England and Oliver Cromwell at the Battle of Dunbar (1650). David Leslie successfully commanded the Scottish Argyll Government Royalist forces at the Battle of Carbisdale (1650) where he was victorious against Scottish Royaslist forces commanded by James Graham 1st Marquess of Montrose. General David Leslie's Royalist Forces were defeated at the Battle of Worcester in 1651. Sir David Leslie who was now commanding Royalist forces, supported the plan of fighting in Scotland, where royal support was strongest. King Charles, however, insisted on making the war in England.
18th century During the Jacobite Uprisings the Chief of Clan Leslie supported the British government as he was a protestant while his kinsmen in Aberdeenshire remained Catholic. The 9th Earl of Rothes now the Duke of Rothes was Vice Admiral of Scotland and governor of Stirling Castle. He commanded a British regiment of cavalry at the Battle of Sherrifmuir in 1715 where he helped defeat the Jacobites. Meanwhile the same kinsmen in Aberdeenshire who had remained Roman Catholic continued to support the Jacobite cause in both the 1715 and 1745 rebellions not least because of their contacts with Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Vatican which had continued from the previous century.